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Listed under:  History  >  Heritage  >  Archaeology
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Archeologists hunt for Ned Kelly clues

What can the site of the Kelly gang's last stand tell us about Ned's final battle with the police? This clip provides a brief overview of the Kelly story using scenes from the 1906 film 'The Story of the Kelly Gang'. Watch as archeologists dig up the battle site at Glenrowan. See what they find and how these things might ...

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The world's oldest mummies

Where are the world's oldest mummies found? Follow the work of Chris Carter in Chile's Atacama Desert, as he documents the culture of the ancient Chinchorro people. This clip shows artefacts and mummified remains lying in the dry sand as the archeologists catalogue their findings.

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Art celebrates death in the Valley of the Kings

A number of Egyptian pharaohs were buried in elaborate tombs in the Valley of the Kings, on the west bank of the Nile River at Luxor. These tombs played a crucial role in beliefs about the afterlife of those who were housed within them, and they were decorated with detailed, symbolic reliefs. Find out how the extraordinary ...

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Mesopotamia, the world's first civilisation

Considered the birthplace of human civilisation, Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq, and parts of Kuwait, Turkey and Syria) was situated in the fertile valley between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. What do we know of this ancient civilisation? What characteristics did Mesopotamia have that made it a civilisation?

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Digging for diprotodons

Ever dreamed of finding buried treasure in your own backyard? For Natasha Camp, this is a reality. Her 'treasure' is not gold or silver, but the bones of ancient Australian megafauna. In this Heywire photo story, Natasha describes the latest dig at Floraville Station, Queensland, her family's property. It was on this dig ...

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Indigenous eel farming

Discover a method for catching eels while watching how archaeologist Dr Heather Builth works scientifically, at Lake Condah to determine whether the Gunditjmara community were truly nomadic or used advanced farming techniques to support their way of life.

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Who broke the Sphinx's nose?

For many years the troops of French military commander Napoleon Bonaparte were blamed for mutilating the nose of the Sphinx. In this clip, historical sources are used to bring this conclusion into dispute. Listen as Dr Zahi Hawass, archaeologist, Egyptologist, author, and former minister of state for antiquities in Egypt, ...

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Ashoka the Great is for real

Imagine the excitement of discovering evidence that a great ancient ruler, whose story was believed to be a legend, was in fact a real historical figure. This clip looks at the Mauryan Empire in ancient India and the reign of Ashoka the Great, one of the most remarkable rulers in world history. This clip is the first in ...

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Ashoka the peace man

Discover a ruler of ancient India who abandoned violent conquest and bloodshed in favour of peace and respect for all living things, as taught by the Buddha. This clip examines evidence for a remarkable change in the life of Ashoka, the third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in ancient India. This clip is second in a series of four.

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Mungo man goes home

The discovery of Mungo Man in 1974 rewrote history by revealing that Aboriginal people had been in Australia twice as long as previously thought. Named after the location at which it was found, the skeleton is around 42,000 years old. When discovered in 1974, Mungo Man was moved to a university in Canberra for scientific ...

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Exploring the mystical sanctuary of Osiris

Travel 30 metres beneath the Giza Plateau to explore one of Egypt's most significant archaeological discoveries, the Tomb of Osiris. The god Osiris is the guarantor of eternal life. His symbolic tomb provided ancient Egyptians with a sanctuary in which they could pay homage to 'the ruler of the great beyond'. Find out more ...

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Unlocking the identity of the Sphinx

What is known about the origins of the Sphinx? Do we know who built it and who it might resemble? Watch as forensic pathologists seek to determine which pharaoh might have commissioned the building of the Sphinx, then listen to reasons why the pathologists' findings might not be conclusive.

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Indus Valley Civilisation

The Indus River is located in present-day Pakistan and is the birthplace of the Indus Valley Civilisation. What do we know of this civilisation? What are some characteristics of this civilisation that are similar to that of other river valley civilisations? Why do we know less of the Indus Valley Civilisation than we do ...

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Why did people leave the Indus Valley?

Discover an ancient Indian civilisation that was excavated less than a century ago. This clip focuses on archaeological sources from the Indus Valley cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa and discusses theories about why these ancient cities were deserted around 1600 BCE. This clip is the last in a series of four.

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The role of the Nile in Ancient Egypt

Like other early civilisations, the rise of Ancient Egypt was dependent on the fertile land around a river. By learning about and adapting to the conditions of the Nile River, ancient Egyptians were able to increase their agricultural productivity to support a large population. Why was this vital for a civilisation to flourish?

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Aboriginal astronomy

Many ancient cultures studied the night sky, and we know this because it is reflected in some of the earliest stories we have on record. Learn about one of these stories in this video. Other than the Dreamtime stories, what other evidence might there be that the Aboriginal people studied the stars?

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Show me the evidence: finding proof of the Inca

Do you have a time machine? If not, how can you be certain that your understanding of history is correct? In this clip from the 1985 documentary 'Sweat of the Sun, Tears of the Moon', reporter Jack Pizzey considers what is known about the Inca Empire. He acknowledges there is much that we can't be sure of. This clip is ...

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How did a river valley civilisation arise?

The world's first civilisations arose around rivers. Why do you think this was? Think about the characteristics of a civilisation and how advanced agricultural practices allowed civilisations to flourish. This video mentions four ancient civilisations. Can you think of other civilisations that emerged near a river?

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Always check your sources

What better place can you imagine for a Library of Knowledge, where the answers to all questions can be found, than beneath the paws of the Sphinx? Sounds perfect. But how reliable are your sources of information? Make up your own mind as you watch this clip about ancient Egypt's legendary hall of records.

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Ancient Chinese civilisation

The basin of Huang He, or the Yellow River, is considered the birthplace of Ancient China. What did this ancient civilisation have in common with other ancient civilisations? New advances in science and technology are traits of a civilisation. How did iron smelting revolutionise farming for the ancient Chinese?