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The Awabakal language of the Newcastle area

The Awabakal language, once common in the area now known as Newcastle, was almost 'lost'. It is being brought back to life using old texts and translations left by an early missionary. In this audio clip, listen to a discussion about the importance of reconstructing the Awabakal language and the challenges this poses.


Learning Dharug, Aboriginal language of Sydney

Imagine a time when the Aboriginal language Dharug was the official language spoken in the Sydney area. During this audio clip, reflect on how the language was considered almost 'lost', but (and) discover how Richard Green and others are piecing the Dharug language back together. Find out about how it is being taught at ...


Re-awakening Australian Aboriginal languages

Did you know that before colonisation there were about 250 distinct Aboriginal and Torres Strait lslander languages being spoken across Australia? Today, however, the majority of these languages are endangered. Listen to a number of significant Australians discussing the Aboriginal language situation in Australia today. ...


Teaching Aboriginal languages in schools

Would you like to learn another language? This audio recording features a number of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians discussing both the teaching of Aboriginal languages in schools and the benefits that this teaching offers all Australians.

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Preserving Aboriginal languages

Explore some of the challenges facing many Aboriginal languages and how one man is trying to preserve these 'ancient words'. Consider, too, why languages are important.

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One English language or many?

Do people around Australia all speak the same English? In this clip, explore the ways that language evolves and consider the impacts that other 'Englishes', such as British English and American English, can have on the way we speak.

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Discover the diversity of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages

Marrin Gamu is a special video created by First Languages Australia to show the diversity and beauty of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. There are five languages featured in this clip: Kalaw Kawaw Ya, Warrgamay, Nywaygi, Yugambeh and Wiradjuri. Across Australia there are hundreds of traditional ...

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Preserving the Badimaya language

The Badimaya language covers areas ranging from Paynes Find, Ninghan Station and Mount Magnet in Western Australia, but the language is in danger of becoming extinct. How important is it to preserve a language? Watch this video to find out the importance of language to identity and culture.


Wombat stew: questions and answers. Aboriginal perspectives

Continuing the focus on Australian animals in Wombat Stew, children practise asking and answering questions in activities based on the big book, What Can You Do? They prepare a news plan and practise code switching between Home talk/Aboriginal English and School talk/Standard Australian English in a game of Code Switch Fish.


May O'Brien talks about Aboriginal storytelling, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Western Australian Aboriginal educator and author May O'Brien. O'Brien says that in her early life she was told Aboriginal stories orally and in drawings in the sand. She says that when she puts Aboriginal stories in writing, she thinks carefully about the words she ...


May O'Brien recalls the traditional bush lifestyle of her childhood, 2008

This is an edited sound recording of an interview with Western Australian Aboriginal educator and author May O'Brien. She recalls the traditional bush lifestyle of her childhood in the eastern goldfields region of WA. She describes living in comfortable humpies made from bush materials and how she was taught traditional ...


Sunset to Sunrise (Ingwartentyele - Arrerlkeme), 2006: My father's country

This clip shows Rupert Max Stuart, an Arrernte Mat-utjarra Elder, speaking beside a campfire about the importance of his culture. He emphasises the significance of his father's country, Ananta, also known as Lila Creek, while reminding the young men about the importance of their own culture. He stresses that they should ...


Merrepen, 2005: The other side of the river

This clip shows Marrfurra, a local artist, talking about the history and the present-day life of the Nauiyu Nambiyu community (formerly known as the Daly River Mission) in the Northern Territory. There is footage of the Daly River, and women collecting bush tucker and working in the Merrepen Arts Centre. Marrfurra talks ...


Embedding Indigenous perspectives across the curriculum

This website presents a range of professional learning and digital resources to support teachers in incorporating Indigenous perspectives across the curriculum. It provides resources that enable Australian teachers and students to value, understand and explore Indigenous cultures, languages, histories and stories.


Wirriya: Small Boy, 2004: School

This clip shows 7-year-old Ricco Japaljarri Martin and his classmates at an Indigenous Australian community school near Alice Springs in the Northern Territory. Ricco and his classmates are shown singing a song together and Ricco says that he 'loves to learn'. Ricco is shown with a book learning about Mexico and Nigeria. ...


Gulpilil - One Red Blood, 2002: 'My father's country'

This clip shows Indigenous actor David Gulpilil with his family at Ramingining in north-eastern Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory. Gulpilil describes his father's country, growing up in the bush, his first encounter with white people, being educated at the Maningrida mission school, and the effect that contact with ...


Sunset to Sunrise (Ingwartentyele - Arrerlkeme), 2006: This is the Dreaming

This clip shows Rupert Max Stuart, an Arrernte Mat-utjarra Elder, speaking beside a campfire in English and his own language, passing on his stories about the Dreaming and traditional law to some young Indigenous men. He explains how the Lurritja and Arrernte peoples have the same Dreaming, but that it is told in different ...


5 seasons, 2004: Water and fire

This clip shows scenes of Indigenous Australians in modern-day Numbulwar in south-east Arnhem Land in the Northern Territory, and also features archival film from the 1950s, including footage of a baptism being conducted in the Rose River and of Indigenous people in dugout canoes. The narrator, Tom E Lewis, describes Numburindi ...


Wirangu Women - Always Have, Always Will, 2006: Hunting wombat

This clip shows Wanda Miller, an Indigenous Australian woman, talking about developing materials to assist with teaching and learning the Wirangu language as part of a program of language maintenance. Wombat hunting, which is an important activity for the Wirangu people, is the subject chosen for one resource. Still pictures ...


Warren H Williams, the Stories, the Songs: What is culture?

This clip shows Warren H Williams, an Arrernte man from Hermannsburg in central Australia, explaining his idea of culture and its connection to 'home'. Williams and John Williamson play 'Raining on the Rock', one of Williamson's songs, in the central Australian landscape that is a feature of the clip. Over footage of the ...