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Video Role of sea stars

TLF ID M008892

This is a colour video clip in which marine biologist Dr Miles Lamare of the University of Otago talks about the feeding behaviour and ecological niche of sea stars. It shows stills of sea stars and other echinoderms as well as video sequences showing the tube feet of a sea star and Dr Lamare at work.




Educational details

Educational value
  • Sea stars belong to the phylum Echinodermata, an exclusively marine group that also includes sea urchins, sea cucumbers, brittle stars and feather stars. Commonly known as starfish, sea stars are invertebrates and should not be confused with true fish, which are vertebrates. Adult sea stars do not swim, but feed on the sea floor.
  • Many species of sea stars have five arms but some have more. The upper (dorsal) surface is covered with spines and on the lower (ventral) surface are hundreds of small tube feet, which are used for movement and feeding. The sea star's mouth is at the centre of the ventral surface, and most species are able to push the lower stomach out through the mouth to digest prey larger than they can swallow.
  • Sea stars are important predators, feeding on clams, oysters, snails and many other animals that have few other predators. They make up only a small proportion of a marine community, but an event that reduces the sea star population may result in an explosion of their prey populations, causing the ecosystem to be out of balance. For this reason, sea stars are well known as keystone species in marine environments.
  • The research described in this clip is aimed at understanding the feeding behaviour of sea stars and their importance as keystone species. The research is being carried out in the coastal waters of New Zealand, particularly Fiordland.
Year level

5; 6; 7; 8; 9

Learning area
  • Science

Other details

Contributors
  • Contributor
  • Name: Education Services Australia
  • Organization: Education Services Australia
  • Description: Data manager
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • URL: http://www.esa.edu.au/
  • Publisher
  • Name: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Organization: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Description: Publisher
  • Address: VIC, AUSTRALIA
  • URL: http://www.esa.edu.au/
  • Name: University of Waikato
  • Organization: University of Waikato
  • Description: Publisher
  • Address: NEW ZEALAND
  • URL: http://www.sciencelearn.org.nz
  • Resource metadata contributed by
  • Name: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Organisation: Education Services Australia Ltd
  • Address: AUSTRALIA
  • URL: www.esa.edu.au
Access profile
  • Generic
Learning Resource Type
  • Video
Rights
  • © Education Services Australia Ltd 2011 (except where otherwise indicated). You may copy, communicate and adapt this metadata for non-commercial educational purposes provided you retain all acknowledgements associated with the material.