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Interactive resource

Citizens' Arch: an exploration

Have a close look at the Citizen's Arch in Melbourne. Examine decorations on the monument such as colonial flags and images of British royalty. This monument was built in 1901 to celebrate the federation of Australia's six colonies, the opening of Federal Parliament, and a visit from members of the British Royal family. ...

Interactive resource

Citizens' Arch: build your own arch

Look closely at the Citizen's Arch in Melbourne. This monument was built in 1901 to celebrate the federation of Australia's six colonies, the opening of Federal Parliament, and the visit from members of the British Royal family. Notice how the design of the original monument had a strong British influence. Build your own ...

Interactive resource

Citizens' Arch: Federation celebrations

Have a look at the Citizen's Arch in Melbourne. Examine three documents revealing why this monument was built in 1901: the Australian Constitution of 1900, an invitation to the opening of the first Australian parliament, and a photo of the celebratory visit by a couple from the British royal family. Explore a timeline of ...

Interactive resource

Mari kita makan

Explore an Indonesian market and find out how to barter. Choose one of three shopping lists of ingredients for an Indonesian recipe. Visit the market with your Indonesian friend. Browse at the stalls to find out about the items on offer and to find three items from your list. Barter for items with the vendor. Visit all ...

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: a flag for the nation

Watch a slide show about the progressive development of the Australian national flag and other significant Australian flags. Then design your own flag, choosing a variety of elements to symbolise what Australia represents. For example, use an outline map of Australia or the Southern Cross as symbols.

Interactive resource

Discovering democracy: making a nation

Interact with a slideshow of images and text to explore the similarities and differences between the political systems of Australia and the United States of America. Complete a related task.


'Swearing allegiance to the ''Southern Cross''', 1854

This is a watercolour, pen and ink sketch by Charles Alphonse Doudiet depicting the moment when miners knelt before the Eureka flag and swore allegiance to each other on 30 November 1854, at Bakery Hill on the goldfields of Ballarat, Victoria. It shows hundreds of men, many of them with raised sticks or weapons, kneeling ...


'The old tent', Specimen Hill tents in Ballarat, 1854

This is a watercolour, pen-and-ink sketch that depicts a scene at the Ballarat goldfields at Specimen Hill during the gold rush in 1854. It shows Barker and Hunt's store in the background and a flagpole once briefly used to fly the Eureka flag. A row of tents and temporary shelters is in the foreground.


New Zealand Company flag

This is the flag of the New Zealand Company. It is made of wool bunting and linen, and measures 129.5 cm x 188 cm. It has the red St George Cross on a white background and, in the top-left corner, a smaller red St George Cross on a blue background with four white stars.


Recruiting at a charity bazaar

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of recruiting for voluntary military service during a Red Cross bazaar held in 1915 in Martin Place, Sydney, to raise money for troops in Gallipoli. It shows coins being thrown or placed on a British Union Jack flag painted on the ground, then cuts to a soldier recruiting a civilian ...


Queen Elizabeth II at Mildura, 1954

This is a black-and-white photograph of Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, the Duke of Edinburgh, in Mildura, north-western Victoria, on 25 March 1954. The photo shows some of the estimated 80,000 people who gathered in Mildura and nearby Red Cliffs to greet the Royal couple during their brief visit, part of a hectic two-month ...


Crowd at Manly Beach, 1965

This is a colour photograph of Manly Beach, Sydney, taken in 1965, showing people engaged in a variety of activities including sunbaking and walking on the beach, with some people in boats. Colourful umbrellas, folding deckchairs and an inflated lilo can be seen. Flags indicate a safe swimming area. A cement retaining wall ...


The 1864 eight-hour day demonstration

This is a black-and-white print that shows the eight-hour day demonstration entering the Zoological Gardens (now the Royal Melbourne Zoo) in Melbourne, Victoria. The large procession of people, some carrying banners and flags, can be seen in the background, while in the foreground, several spectators including a few policemen ...


Invitation to the inaugural Commonwealth celebrations, 1901

This is a printed, coloured invitation card from the Government of New South Wales, inviting guests to attend celebrations for the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia from 1 January 1901. There is a picture of young girls dressed in white in a boat on the left of the card, holding the badges or symbols of the ...


Southern Cross flag

This is the Southern Cross flag flown at the Eureka Stockade at Ballarat in Victoria from 30 November to 3 December 1854. The flag, which now measures about 3.2 m x 2.6 m, comprises 13 pieces of blue fabric for the background, 4 pieces of white cotton twill for the cross, and 5 pieces of fine white cotton 'petticoat' lawn ...

Teacher resource

Mari kita makan: teacher resource

This resource has teacher notes and assessment ideas to support the classroom use of the Indonesian LOTE learning object Mari kita makan. The resource includes a profile of the expected student user, a description of the learning object, printable worksheets, extension activities, and lists of further resources related ...


Royal procession in Swanston Street, 1901

This black-and-white photograph shows the procession of the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York through Melbourne on 6 May 1901. They have passed under a decorative arch labelled ‘EDWARD VII’ and a prominent Union Jack. Troops line the street. The arch is topped by the royal coat of arms with large crowns on either side. ...


Federation decorations in Sydney, 1901

This is a black-and-white photograph looking down a stretch of Pitt Street in Sydney at the time of the celebrations to mark Australian Federation in 1901. There are many horsedrawn vehicles, mostly four-wheeled buggies with roofs. Multistorey buildings on both sides of the street are decorated with bunting and many US ...


Melbourne Arch, 1901

This is a black-and-white photograph of the Melbourne Arch across Park Street in Sydney, erected for the Federation celebrations in January 1901. It bears the words: 'MELBOURNE REJOICES IN THE COMMONWEALTH' and is decorated with leaves and floral bunting. On top are the flags of Victoria, New South Wales, Ireland and Scotland. ...