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Listed under:  History  >  World history  >  Australian history

Australian coin history

This interactive slideshow from the Royal Australian Mint provides a series of high resolution images and brief descriptions of currencies from Indigenous barter systems to modern Australian currency. A downloadable fact sheet on Australian coin history is accessible from selected pages within the slideshow.


Defining moments in Australian History

This extensive web-based resource examines events, people and places of profound significance to the Australian people and their personal, community and national histories. The resource includes a list of 100 'defining moments' identified by historians supported by background information, images, video and links to the ...


'Chinese carpenters at work, Emerald Hill', c1867

This is a black-and-white print that shows a group of Chinese carpenters in a workshop at Emerald Hill (South Melbourne) around 1867. A European man, who may be an artist, observes two of the carpenters at work. The carpenters appear to be making celestial carvings, which were spiritual objects for the Chinese, but which ...


'Night refuge at the Immigrants' Home', c1873

This is a black-and-white print that depicts a group of men taking refuge at the Immigrants' Home in Melbourne. The men, most of whom are seated on wooden benches, are shown in a large common room. They are occupied by an activity that may be the picking of oakum. Sacks either hang from or have been placed on high shelves. ...


Chinese workers at the Croydon Court House, c1905

This black-and-white photograph shows two lines of Chinese men, about 19 in all, squatting on the bare ground and eating a meal outside Croydon Court House in northern Queensland. The men are wearing Western-style long-sleeved shirts and trousers, and their queues (plaits) are wound around their heads. Plates and mugs are ...


Loading camels, early 20th century

This is a sepia-toned photograph measuring 10.3 cm x 5.0 cm, taken in outback Australia in the early 20th century, probably by John Flynn (1880-1951). The photograph shows three men, one of whom is an Afghan cameleer, loading a camel with two wool bales. A camel already loaded stands in the foreground with other camels ...


Camels in Coolgardie, 1890s

This is a photograph, an albumen print measuring 13.6 cm x 20.1 cm, taken in the 1890s and showing three camels sitting outside commercial premises in Bayley Street, Coolgardie, Western Australia. The camels are not tethered or harnessed in any way. With the exception of a woman who appears to be patting a camel, all the ...


Bethany in the Barossa Hills, 1847

This is a hand-coloured lithographic print showing Bethany, a village established by German immigrants, at the foot of the Barossa Hills in South Australia in the 1840s. The lithograph was listed as Plate 60 in the book 'South Australia illustrated', published in 1847. It measures 29.7 cm x 34 cm.


Collins Street, Melbourne, 1889

This is an 1889 hand-coloured 25 cm x 33.5 cm wood engraving of Collins Street, Melbourne, Victoria, looking east from Elizabeth Street. The street is filled with activity - pedestrians are buying fruit and vegetables from a handcart, a boy is 'wearing' an advertising board and people are travelling by tram, wagon and on ...


'Cobb and Co coach on the Sydney road', 1850s

This is a watercolour, measuring 16.2 cm x 25.2 cm, by the famous colonial artist Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-80). It shows a Cobb and Co coach travelling to Sydney, New South Wales, along a rough dirt road bounded by timber fences and open fields, with buildings (probably farmhouses) in the background. At least two horses ...


Maize silo stack, Hilltop, Tilba Tilba, c1895

This is a black-and-white photograph of a partially constructed maize silo stack in an open field. It shows five workers - four on top of the stack and one on the ground. Several horses are being used in the construction of the stack, which is at least two storeys high. The silo has an open rectangular wooden frame that ...


Lawrence Hargrave with box kites, 1894

This is a sepia photograph, measuring 24.2 cm x 29.3 cm, of aeronautical inventor Lawrence Hargrave (left) and an unidentified man in Stanwell Park, on the coast between Sydney and Wollongong, New South Wales. They are assembling five box kites and joining them together, in preparation for using them to lift a man into ...


'Aquarius 1841'

This is a pen, ink and crayon drawing, measuring 18.8 cm x 26.8 cm, of a man driving a horse and cart, on the back of which is a full water barrel. Buildings and trees are sketched in the background and at the top right is a set of signalling flagpoles. A handwritten inscription at the bottom of the picture reads: 'Aquarius ...


Drovers and their horses resting, c1850

This is a watercolour, measuring 44 cm x 64 cm, by the famous colonial artist Samuel Thomas Gill (1818-80). It shows two drovers camped next to a fallen tree, with their horses tethered and at rest behind them. One of the drovers and a dog remain vigilant, looking towards cattle that are spread out on a wide plain below, ...


Forest Creek, Mount Alexander, 1852

This is a hand-coloured lithographic print prepared by John Allen in 1852 from a drawing by George French Angas. The lithograph, with text, measures 26 cm x 35.5 cm and shows Forest Creek at the Mount Alexander gold diggings in central Victoria.


Government escort and mail at the Treasury, Sydney, 1851

This is a black-and-white pen-and-wash drawing of the rear of a mail coach outside the New South Wales Treasury in Sydney in 1851. Two uniformed police with rifles sit at the back of the coach while others unload boxes of gold to take into the Treasury. Two mounted police flank the coach as men, women and children in mid-Victorian ...


Indigenous Australian man, Bedgi-bedgi (Bidgee-bidgee), 1802

This is a colour print of a half-figure portrait drawn by the French artist Nicolas-Martin Petit near Port Jackson (Sydney), between 20 June and 17 November 1802. It shows a man named as Bedgi-bedgi (also known as Bidgee-bidgee), said to be of the Gwea-gal tribe. He has patterned scarification on his arms, chest and abdomen, ...


Indigenous Australian man with white body paint, c1790

This is a portrait of an Indigenous Australian man from the Port Jackson (Sydney) area of New South Wales, created in about 1790 by an unknown artist. He is depicted from the waist up, with white paint on his face, arms and chest. The text 'When angry and (as I suppose) intends to fight at a future period' is written below ...


Jimmy Little outlines his views on racism, 2008

This is an edited sound recording, from July 2008, of Indigenous singer-songwriter Jimmy Little. Little tells how his parents lived on an Aboriginal mission, with their movements very restricted. He also recalls going to a movie theatre where people were separated by race, but says examples of racism such as these were ...


Escort for Amy Johnson's landing in Sydney, 1930

This is a black-and-white photograph that shows the six women pilots who provided an aerial escort for British aviator Amy Johnson when she arrived in Sydney on 4 June 1930. The photograph, which measures 15.0 cm x 19.8 cm, is glued to a mount upon which is inscribed the words 'Escort for Amy Johnson's landing in Sydney. ...