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Listed under:  History  >  World history  >  Australian history
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Stanley Melbourne Bruce, prime minister 1923-29

This is a black-and-white photograph of Stanley Melbourne Bruce, Australia's eighth prime minister. The photograph shows him wearing a white shirt with a tie and waistcoat. He is facing to one side of the camera.

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Bob Hawke, prime minister 1983-91

This is a black-and-white photograph of Robert James Lee Hawke, Australia's twenty-third prime minister. This official portrait shows him mid-speech.

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Harold Holt, prime minister 1966-67

This is a black-and-white photograph of Harold Holt, Australia's seventeenth prime minister. It shows him alongside Lyndon Baines Johnson, the first US president to visit Australia, and 'First Lady' Lady Bird Johnson in October 1966.

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Joseph Lyons, prime minister 1932-39

This is a black-and-white photograph of Joseph Lyons, Australia's tenth prime minister. The photograph shows him wearing a white shirt with a tie and waistcoat. He is facing towards the camera.

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William McMahon, prime minister 1971-72

This is a black-and-white photograph of William McMahon, Australia's twentieth prime minister. It is an official photograph taken when he was treasurer.

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John Howard, Prime Minister 1996-2007

This is a colour photograph of the Honourable John Howard, Australia's twenty-fifth Prime Minister. It shows him walking up the steps of the National Archives to launch a Gift to the Nation. The launch was part of the release of all of the World War I service records in an online digital format. Howard walks alongside the ...

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George Reid, prime minister 1904-05

This is a black-and-white photograph of George Reid, Australia's fourth prime minister, which introduces a range of online material about his life and career. The photograph is an official portrait. It shows him wearing a white shirt with a white tie and vest. He is looking away from the camera.

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William Morris Hughes, prime minister 1915-23

This is a black-and-white photograph of William Morris Hughes, Australia's seventh prime minister. The photograph shows him wearing a white shirt with a tie and sporting a moustache. He is facing the camera.

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James Scullin, prime minister 1929-32

This is a black-and-white photograph of James Scullin, Australia's ninth prime minister. He is directly facing the camera.

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John Curtin, prime minister 1941-45

This is a black-and-white photograph of John Curtin, Australia's fourteenth prime minister. It shows him facing towards the camera in an official photograph.

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John Gorton, prime minister 1968-71

This is a black-and-white photograph of John Gorton, Australia's nineteenth prime minister. It shows him talking with troops at Nui Dat, South Vietnam, in June 1968.

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Gough Whitlam, prime minister 1972-75

This is a colour photograph of Edward Gough Whitlam, Australia's twenty-first prime minister. It shows him attending a United Nations convention during a tour of the USA in 1974.

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The dismissal of the Whitlam government, 1975

On 11 November 1975, something happened that had never occurred before in Australia and has not happened since. It was the sacking of an elected prime minister, and therefore also his government, by an unelected office-holder, the governor-general, who was appointed by the prime minister. How could such a thing happen? ...

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The Navigators: Confrontation on King Island

Governor King is commander of the British settlement in Port Jackson (now Sydney). He suspects French explorer Nicolas Baudin of planning to claim a French colony in 'New Holland'. King sends a ship to race Baudin to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania). Watch this clip to find out what happens next.

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Four Corners: Not a place for the 'gentler sex'

Why weren't women allowed to drink in the public bars of Queensland hotels in the 1960s? What social beliefs and attitudes would justify such a prohibition? This clip presents responses from a bar attendant and two politicians to a famous protest against the ban in 1965. The clip is third in a series of three.

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Dig a Million, Make a Million: Lang Hancock discovers iron ore on his doorstep, 1969

In the 1950s, when Lang Hancock saw mountains that gleamed red, he suspected he'd discovered iron ore, but he never could have predicted how much there was, or how very wealthy he would become. In this clip from 1961, find out how this discovery led to developments that would see Australia become the biggest iron-ore producer ...

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ABC News: Mungo man goes home

The discovery of Mungo Man in 1974 rewrote history by revealing that Aboriginal people had been in Australia twice as long as previously thought. Named after the location at which it was found, the skeleton is around 42,000 years old. When discovered in 1974, Mungo Man was moved to a university in Canberra for scientific ...

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The Navigators: Shipwrecked off 'New Holland'

Nicolas Baudin and Matthew Flinders are ready to take their maps and discoveries home. They have been exploring the coasts of 'New Holland' for many months. Both men suffer tragedy on their return voyages. Watch this clip to find out what happens to them.

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Communicating in the colonial era

Imagine if you were living in Sydney in the 1800s and awaiting news or packages from England. You see a ship approaching Sydney Harbour, but how do you know where this ship is coming from or what it is carrying? Find out in this video from Sydney Observatory!

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The historical legacy of John Glover

English artist John Glover emigrated to Van Diemen's Land in 1831. He settled on a generous land grant called "Patterdale", near Deddington in northern Tasmania. Many of Glover’s artworks provide historical records of the people, plants and animals who lived in the area, as well as the changes wrought by European settlement.