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Listed under:  Adaptation (Evolution)
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It’s Alive: Conditions on Earth

In this resource, students investigate and measure the conditions of planet Earth. They explore temperature, gravity and the needs of living things. Students also discuss how some conditions on Earth are constant, while other conditions regularly change, and how living things have adaptations to survive these changes.

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Fungi: how they grow

If a mushroom is not a plant, what is it? Discover a group of living things that are neither animals nor plants. Explore the mysterious world of fungi and find out the conditions that they need before they can grow.

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Fruit: why plants make them

Fruits come in all shapes and colours. Have you ever wondered why plants make them? Discover an amazing variety of fruits. Learn the secret of these little plant packages and the treasures they protect.

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Captain Ahab learns about whales

Have you ever wondered how long whales have been swimming around in our oceans, and where they came from? Watch this short skit in which knowledgeable shipmate Ishmael (otherwise known as young scientist Cassandra) explains the evolutionary history of whales to Captain Ahab.

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An ichthyosaur from the age of dinosaurs

Take a close look at a fossilised ichthyosaur skeleton with Maria Zammit, a PhD student from the University of Adelaide. Maria is studying the ichthyosaur and comparing it with dolphins and other living marine creatures to try to work out how it swam.

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Platypus at play

The platypus is an egg-laying mammal, perfectly adapted to its watery home in Australia's freshwater lakes, rivers and streams. With its streamlined body, webbed feet like paddles and broad tail, it dives and swims underwater in search of food. Catch a rare glimpse of this Australian animal in its natural habitat.

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How seeds become plants

Did you know that a coconut and a walnut are actually seeds? Tiny or huge, prickly or smooth, seeds contain everything a plant needs to start a new life. Watch this clip and find out how seeds get around, and what they need to start growing. Presenter Nick Hardcastle will even show you how to grow your own plants from seed.

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Fossils and the Earth's past

Imagine what the world looked like hundreds of millions of years ago. Watch this clip to discover how fossils are preserved and what they tell us about the Earth's past. Find out about trilobites, an intriguing, ancient creature that lived in the sea during the Cambrian period. Their fossils are a piece of the past helping ...

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Penguin wave better than a group hug!

Emperor penguins form a big, tightly packed huddle to keep warm in Antarctica, the coldest and windiest continent on Earth. But how do the ones on the outside of the huddle keep warm? Find out about a clever way of ensuring that no penguin is left out in the cold.

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5 - 4 - 3 - 2 - 1 - Rocket Frog lift-off!

The Rocket Frog is a champion jumper. If it were human-sized, its long-jumps would measure 170 metres! Find out what makes the Rocket Frog's tiny body so well suited to leaping long distances.

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Come sit in a dinosaur's footstep

Explore an extinct landscape along the Kimberley coastline and discover huge dinosaur footprints, frozen in time. Sauropods, ornithopods, theropods and many more dinosaurs left their tracks here 130 million years ago. Scientists are investigating fossilised trackways in the Broome Sandstone for clues about the past, helped ...

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Ancient fish out of water

See fossil evidence of the largest Devonian lobe-finned fish ever found. Known as the Age of the Fishes, the Devonian period marks an important time in the evolution of land animals. Find out why this fossil is an important find.

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Finding fossils from the age of dinosaurs in Rascal Flats

Visit the fossil site of Rascal Flats, Richmond, with Dr Ben Kear, a paleontologist at La Trobe University. Hear about the chance discovery of a new fossil and see a fish fossil from the ancient inland sea.

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Silk of spectacular spiders

Discover what makes spiders so spectacular in this award-winning clip about the feeding habits, adaptations, and physical features of spiders. See close-up footage of spiders weaving their webs, catching their prey, and sheltering in their retreats. Brandon Gifford entered this video in the 2013 Sleek Geeks Eureka Science ...

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Minmi, Australia's ankylosaur dinosaur

Dr Ben Kear, a paleontologist at La Trobe University, introduces Minmi, one of Australia's most famous dinosaurs. It's an armoured dinosaur, a small ankylosaurus coverered in nodules of bone and bony spikes. Meet the man that discovered Minmi.

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Meet muttaburrasaurus, a plant-eating Australian dinosaur

Dr Ben Kear, a paleontologist at La Trobe University, introduces muttaburrasaurus, a dinosaur found near Muttaburra in Queensland. Muttburrasaurus was a giant herbivore, a plant eater. What does its fossilised skull really look like?

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Leaping tall felines in a single bound

Discover one of the greatest high-jumpers of the animal world. If cat-fleas were the size of humans, they could jump 400 metres into the air! Find out how and why these tiny jumpers leap so high.

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Island hopping in a tropical paradise

The Whitsunday Islands, a collection of continental islands close to the mainland, were created when sea levels rose and flooded the valleys. These tropical Queensland islands are a haven for many plant, bird and reptile species. Take a tour of the Whitsundays and the surrounding Great Barrier Reef and see the different landforms.

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Dr Karl vs the mysterious giant squid

Do you believe in the legendary sea monster called the Kraken? It's said to have gigantic tentacles and to lurk in the deep ocean. In this clip, Dr Karl talks about some of the extraordinary features of a real deep-sea creature - the giant squid. Watch this clip to find out about it and see some footage of this amazing creature.

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Creatures of the deep

What creatures live in the deepest parts of the Southern Ocean around Antarctica? See how scientists use special equipment to find out about life that exists in this harsh environment. Find out why it is important that we learn about life in the deep oceans.