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Listed under:  Number (Mathematics)  >  Mental arithmetic

### First steps in mathematics: Number – Book 2

The content of this book is organised into topics including understanding operations, calculating, and reasoning about number patterns.

### Patterns and number facts: Year 3 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 3 is for the topic of Patterns and number facts. Students extend and apply knowledge of number facts to 20 for addition and subtraction and extend to larger numbers. They demonstrate proficiency with multiplication facts for 3, 4, 5, and 10 and further develop their knowledge of related division ...

In this lesson students revise and extend fluency of recall of the 4× facts. Students develop proficiently in multiplying and dividing by four, understanding the patterns in multiples of four, and applying strategies for mental multiplication with an emphasis on visual and numerical pattern recognition.

### Work sample Year 3 Mathematics: Ways to make 18

This work sample demonstrates evidence of student learning in relation to aspects of the achievement standards for Year 3 Mathematics. The primary purpose for the work sample is to demonstrate the standard, so the focus is on what is evident in the sample not how it was created. The sample is an authentic representation ...

### Subtraction Strategies - Calculate

This game gives students opportunities to practice subtraction skills and to learn subtraction strategies, including the jump strategy, the split (or partition) strategy, compensation and the count-up to strategy (sometimes called the Shopkeeper’s method).

### Subtraction Year 3 & 4 - Calculate

This activity is designed to encourage students to develop and explain different strategies to solve subtraction problems.

### Four operations: Year 6 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 6 is for the topic of Four operations. Students apply knowledge of place value to add and subtract decimals, using digital tools where appropriate. They further develop whole number multiplication and then strengthen their understanding of decimals by multiplying and dividing decimals and ...

### Patterns and number facts: Year 4 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 4 is for the topic of Patterns and number facts. Students recall and demonstrate mastery of multiplication facts to 10 x 10 with related division facts, and extend to working with larger numbers. They use number facts and flexible strategies with computation of number problems.

### Flying high

Students partition four-digit numbers into place-value parts.

### Efficient strategies: Year 5 – planning tool

This planning resource for Year 5 is for the topic of Efficient strategies. Students use efficient ways to multiply and divide numbers using increasingly sophisticated strategies. They develop flexible strategies to solve multiplication facts and related division facts and consolidate automatic recall. They identify and ...

### Additive strategies: Video and teaching guide

This video explores the use of computation strategies, rounding and estimation in real-world, additive situations. Use the video with the supporting teacher guide as a springboard to explore mathematical concepts. A range of strategies such as compensation and partitioning are demonstrated. Estimation and rounding are highlighted ...

### Piñata Party Tens (2-digit place value)

As a team, use your knowledge of tens and ones place values to help the goats release the treats from the piñata and have the GOAT party! Mathematical ideas and strategies this game supports: - Increasing and decreasing the value of 2-digit numbers. - Identifying the value of a digit based on its position in a numeral. - ...

### Addition & Subtraction Year 2 - Calculate

The focus of this activity is to find out what students know about different addition strategies.

### Estimation and Rounding - Calculate

These activities focus on developing skills in estimation and rounding. Estimation can help children to make reasonable guesses at solutions and check the accuracy of their calculations.

Regular practise of addition facts can help children build their confidence in maths.

### Addition Year 3 - Calculate

This activity is designed to see if students are able to apply their addition strategies in order to find the total of their collection of cards. Often students will have a method for adding two numbers, but when asked to add a list of numbers they revert to less efficient methods.

### Park Ranger Problem Solving: An ‘Addition & Subtraction’ Rich Task for Years 3–4 - Calculate

The aim of this task is to provide a rich, contextual activity through which students can begin to explore the addition and subtraction of one- and two-digit of numbers in everyday contexts.

### Pass The Count - Calculate

This game allows students to practice their skip counting skills in small groups.

### Home energy use

Reducing carbon dioxide emissions and sustainable energy use and are two of the major issues facing the world today. This project explores energy use in homes, and compares individual energy use with the class average and calculate and graph CO2 emissions.

### MathXplosion, Ep 32: A mean trick

Learn a cool trick using the concept of the mean (or average). Pick any 3 x 3 block of dates on a monthly calendar. The number in the middle square is the mean of the nine numbers that form the 3 x 3 square. If you add all the numbers and divide the total by nine (the number of squares), the answer is the number in the ...