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Learning objects Directional design: cafeteria chair [ESL]

TLF ID L6784

Design a chair that is well suited for use in a cafeteria and also has a low impact on the natural environment. Look closely at requirements in a design brief such as durability, stylishness and hygiene features. Ask school staff and students which design factors are important. Improve the chair's appeal and usefulness by choosing options for elements such as frame, materials and colour. Minimise environmental impact by choosing design elements such as ease of cleaning, effects of manufacturing processes and features that make it easy to recycle the chair. Look at production and maintenance processes. Use client feedback to refine the design. Evaluate the chair's performance after the first week and after five years. This learning object is one in a series of five objects.

Educational details

Key learning objectives
  • Students explore the short-term and long-term consequences of product design decisions.
  • Students explore how the design of an object affects other objects and people within the built environment it is placed into, and therefore influences other design decisions.
  • Students configure design elements to meet needs defined in a design brief, including health and safety factors.
  • Students test design ideas and respond to stakeholder feedback.
Educational value
  • Features modified language for English as a Second Language use.
  • Features a glossary of words used in the learning object.
  • Includes a language game that highlights language features used in the learning object.
  • Helps students to implement core requirements for designing an everyday product, including the minimisation of negative effects on the natural environment.
  • Demonstrates the complexity of designed objects and the need to understand them in the context of their actual usage.
  • Encourages students to review stakeholder requirements and adapt designs to suit.
  • Highlights design features, production and maintenance processes that minimise negative environmental effects.
  • Demonstrates that the design of an object has directional consequences for people and environments.
  • Illustrates differences in performance of a product over a long period.
  • Supports repeated testing of ideas and an iterative approach to design.
  • Features a three-star rating system to compare product performance.
  • Provides an interactive notebook to capture design specifications, user needs and stakeholder feedback.
  • Includes an option to print a summary featuring the student's design, a report after five years of use, and the student's own evaluation of the design.
Year level

7; 8

Learning area
  • studies of society and environment;
  • Technologies
  • Technology/Designing, making and appraising
  • Studies of society and environment/Investigation, communication and participation
  • Studies of society and environment/Natural and social systems
  • Studies of society and environment/Built environment
  • Studies of society and environment/Decision-making
  • Studies of society and environment/Industry
  • Studies of society and environment/Manufacturing processes
  • Studies of society and environment/Resources
  • Studies of society and environment/Environmental impact
  • Studies of society and environment/Work environment
  • Technology/Industry
  • Technology/Interdependence
  • Technology/Investigation
  • Technology/Products
  • Technology/Purpose
  • Technology/Consultation
  • Technology/Aesthetics
  • Technology/Design
  • Technology/Design brief
  • Technology/Components
  • Technology/Everyday products
  • Technology/Environmental impact
  • Analysis;
  • Application;
  • Comprehension;
  • Knowledge
Student activity
  • Interactives;
  • Experiment;
  • Analysis;
  • Modelling
Learning design
  • Experiential learning;
  • Independent learning;
  • Problem solving;
  • Visual learning;
  • Auditory learning

Other details

  • Script writer
  • Subject matter expert
  • Name: Anthony Hart Fry
  • Address: Ravensbourne QLD 4352 Australia
  • Technical implementer
  • Publisher
  • Date of contribution: 20 Sep 2013
  • Organisation: Education Services Australia
  • Address: Melbourne VIC 3000 Australia
  • URL:
  • Subject matter expert
  • Name: Sandra Bernhardt
  • Address: Marrickville NSW 2204 Australia
  • Educational validator
  • Name: Dr Christina Gitsaki
  • Address: St. Lucia QLD 4072 Australia
  • Technical implementer
  • Subject matter expert
  • Name: Trish Robinson
  • Address: Mosman NSW 2088 Australia
Access profile
  • Device independence
  • Hearing independence
Learning resource type
  • Interactive Resource
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer - minimum version: 8.0 (MS-Windows) - maximum version: 9.0 (MS-Windows)
  • Firefox - minimum version: (MS-Windows)
  • Safari - minimum version: 5.1 (MacOS)
Operating systems
  • MacOS - minimum version: 10.6
  • MS-Windows - minimum version: XP - maximum version: 7
Platform requirements
  • Due to the use of rich media content, this learning object is suitable at a connection speed of 256kb/s or faster.
  • © Education Services Australia Ltd, 2013, except where indicated under Acknowledgements.