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Moving Image

Luck of the draw: the Vietnam 'birthday ballot'

How would you feel if your birth date was picked out of a barrel, lottery-style, and you were ordered to report for military duty? This was the fate that awaited the men whose birth dates were chosen in the Vietnam ballot. In this clip, watch the process the Australian government put in place to choose men for this life-changing ...

Interactive resource

Peter Dalton: enlistment and the call to war

Help a teenager to decide whether to enlist for Australian military service in World War I. Look at a summary of key military and political events. Interview people with a range of opinions. Examine background materials about recruitment drives, voluntary enlistment and conscription. Do a SWOT analysis and explore the consequences ...


'Mister - here's your hat!'

This is a black-and-white poster with the headline 'Mister - here's your hat! JOIN THE AIF NOW!' The poster shows the smiling face of an attractive woman holding out a slouch hat and looking directly at the viewer. The text reads, 'There's a hat to fit you in the Quarter Master's store - a hat that is made for a man. Put ...


'Shooting breakers?'

This is a black-and-white recruitment poster for the Australian Imperial Force captioned, 'Are you shooting breakers when YOU SHOULD BE BEHIND A GUN?'. The poster shows a photograph of a soldier lying on the ground shooting a Bren light machine gun. Behind him is a sketch of a man shooting a wave on a surfboard in a similar ...

Teacher resource

Cooee: a call to war: Teacher idea

This Teacher idea uses footage and photographs of the First World War to help students understand the causes of the War, the experiences of those who fought, the reactions of those on the home front and the Anzac legacy that continues today. It includes a unit of work developed and trialled by a teacher.


Machine gun training in the Tiwi Islands, 1944

This is a black-and-white photograph, taken in 1944, of an Aboriginal man practising the use of a machine gun at Milikapiti, on the north coast of Melville Island, one of the Tiwi Islands in the Northern Territory. The man is lying flat on a sandy beach looking into the sights of the weapon, which is mounted on a bipod. ...


South West Pacific, 1943: ‘Working on the home front’

This black-and-white clip is taken from an Australian Government-sponsored film from the Second World War, and is about a civilian worker who has joined the Australian war effort, making Beaufort bombers for the Allies. Telling his story to camera, the man details the significant changes to the workforce necessitated by ...


Australian recruitment statistics for the First World War, 1919

This is one side of a two-sided printed document titled 'The Great War 1914-1919'. It shows the number of men in Australia who enlisted for military service during the First World War. Under a cameo image of King George V flanked by the crossed flags of Australia and the UK, the three major dates for the start and end of ...


Press release on use of militia forces, 1942

This is a press statement issued by prime minister John Curtin (1885-1945) on 6 December 1942. It relates to Australia's current position in the Pacific theatre of the Second World War, the country's relationships with and responsibilities to its allies, particularly the USA, and conscription for overseas service. It is ...


Radio interview with first Vietnam War conscientious objector to be jailed, 1970

This is a sound recording of an interview with Brian James Ross, the first non-complier to be jailed for refusing to abide by the National Service Act 1964, on his release from Sale prison on 21 September 1970. The interview was made during the Vietnam War (1962-75) and broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Commission ...


Australian colonial involvement in the Sudan conflict of 1885

This collection of eight digital curriculum resources focuses on the decision by the colony of New South Wales to send troops to support Britain in the 1885 Sudan War. It is organised into three categories - the NSW troops; the Sudan War as a catalyst for nationalism and imperialism; and ridicule of the British Empire and ...


Enlistment and recruitment in the First World War

This is a collection of nine resources focusing on the means used to increase enlistments during the First World War. In some views the collection is presented in six categories - enlistment posters, recruitment films, tours, parades, pressure to enlist, and enlistment and recruitment overall. It includes photographs, telemovie ...


Effects of World War I in Australia

This is a collection of 22 digital curriculum resources about the effects of World War I in Australia. The resources are grouped into seven categories - the role of women; recruitment activities; conscription referendums; propaganda; War Precautions Act; the general strike of 1917; and ongoing effects of the war. Because ...


Helping our heroes, 1918

This is an extract from the 367th edition of the silent newsreel, 'Australasian Gazette', filmed and screened in 1918. The extract shows men and women of the Randwick Volunteer Workers Association clearing land intended for servicemen returning from the First World War. It also shows the women serving the men with cups ...


Referendum bullets: cooee

This is a silent black-and-white film clip with the words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. You would answer a Coo-ee for help in the bush. The Anzacs are Coo-eeing.', superimposed over footage of First World War Australian soldiers filing along a trench. It is one of the political advertisements in favour of conscription ...


Referendum bullets: the Kaiser

This is a piece of black-and-white silent film footage. It opens with a photograph of Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in military uniform on horseback. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. If you vote ''No.'' spell it ''Nein.'' That is how the Kaiser would spell it. Vote ''Yes'' -- Fame, Success; Vote No -- Dishonour, ...


Referendum bullets: 96-hour shift

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of Australian soldiers moving through trenches, apparently under shellfire in the First World War. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. Do you want to save men in the trenches from a 96-hour shift under shell fire? Then vote ''YES'' for Reinforcements.' are superimposed ...


Referendum bullets: a fair share

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of a slow pan across shell-damaged buildings in the war zone of the First World War, probably in Belgium. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. The Antis say Australia has done her share. Belgium, France, Poland, and Servia have suffered more than their share.' are superimposed ...


Referendum bullets: shirkers

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of the final straight of a racecourse, with the camera slowly closing in on the racehorses and their jockeys as they pass the finishing post, with racegoers massed in the background. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. Preserve the lives of the Anzacs, which are as ...


Referendum bullets: empty camps

This is a silent black-and-white film clip of bell tents pitched in rows on a field. The camera pans slowly across the field with almost no people in evidence. The words 'REFERENDUM BULLETS. By W. M. HUGHES. Without reinforcements our training camps will be empty by the end of January.' are superimposed on the film. It ...